Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.internal_encoding is deprecated in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 28

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.input_encoding is deprecated in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 29

Deprecated: iconv_set_encoding(): Use of iconv.output_encoding is deprecated in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/string/string.php on line 30

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652
Paisaje literario | www.pedrotebar.com

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotHelper::processTagList() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/content/ariflipbook/ariflipbook/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotBase.php on line 52

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotHelper::_currentCallback() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/content/ariflipbook/ariflipbook/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotHelper.php on line 36

Deprecated: Non-static method AriModuleHelper::getModuleById() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/content/ariflipbook/ariflipbook/kernel/Plugin/class.ModuleLoaderContentPlugin.php on line 62

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotHelper::_currentCallback() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/content/ariflipbook/ariflipbook/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotHelper.php on line 48

Paisaje literario


Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::registerFilter() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/Filters/class.FilterBase.php on line 24

Deprecated: Non-static method AriSimpleTemplate::getFilterStore() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/SimpleTemplate/class.SimpleTemplate.php on line 31

Deprecated: Non-static method AriUtils::getParam() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/class.ArticleSearchStruct.php on line 230

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::decode() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 219

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::_getJSONHandler() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Web/JSON/class.JSONHelper.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::decode() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 219

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::_getJSONHandler() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Web/JSON/class.JSONHelper.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::decode() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 219

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::_getJSONHandler() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Web/JSON/class.JSONHelper.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::decode() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 219

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::_getJSONHandler() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Web/JSON/class.JSONHelper.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::decode() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 219

Deprecated: Non-static method AriJSONHelper::_getJSONHandler() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Web/JSON/class.JSONHelper.php on line 30

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processArticle() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Articles/j16/class.ArticleController.php on line 195

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::createParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 132

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 138

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

Deprecated: Non-static method JApplication::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/includes/application.php on line 539

Deprecated: Non-static method AriMambotProcessHelper::processJ15MambotTag() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/modules/mod_ariflipbook/includes/kernel/Mambot/class.MambotProcessHelper.php on line 145

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/libraries/joomla/filter/input.php on line 652

Deprecated: Non-static method JSite::getMenu() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/avgleam2/public_html/pedrotebar.com/plugins/system/SEOSimple/SEOSimple.php on line 168

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Cargando...

PAISAJE LITERARIO


       Confieso que esto del paisaje literario puede sonar a algunos como música sinfónica o toque de violín y terminar pensando que esta expresión es un concepto inventado. Pero no podemos dejar de admitir que la literatura, la música o la pintura, entre otras artes, cuando ponen su foco sobre un determinado lugar, sobre un determinado paisaje, pueden realzar su realidad, bucear en su interior y transformarlo. El paisaje, en su más simple concepción es apenas un trozo en bruto de una comarca o de un país, un pedazo acotado de una realidad geográfica. Así un escritor nace en un lugar señalado, crece con una luz y unos colores, escucha unas voces, recibe el olor del mar o de la sierra etc. Todo esto sigue siendo materialidad aunque también percepción tomada como algo subjetivo.

       Pero con el tiempo, utilizando esos recuerdos ya desvaídos de la infancia, esta materialidad se va convirtiendo en atmósfera y en música. Y la atmósfera se va transmitiendo al lector, que acaba dentro de esa urdimbre o entramado y le permite penetrar en el mismo escenario del autor y vivir sus mismos sueños. Este paisaje primordial o de punto de partida puede ser real o inventado. Podemos introducirnos en un territorio imaginario, crearlo y moverte por él como pez en el agua, contagiar de esa experiencia a nuestros lectores, hacerle vivir en esos lugares. Ya sea en la Celama de Luis Mateo Díez o en el Macondo de García Márquez. Vivir en ese espacio imaginado es fruto siempre de una conquista que se va realizando poco a poco y que siempre ofrece al autor la posibilidad de manejarse dentro de él con plena libertad.

       Hay otros territorios o paisajes que no son inventados. Existen, interpelan, murmuran y hablan. Sólo tienes que aplicar con atención el oído, sobre todo el oído, porque es en los ecos donde está todo el misterio de ese intercambio de comunicación. Y luego está también la mirada. Porque es la mirada del poeta quien convierte todos estos signos reales en lenguaje universal, en hecho cultural.

       El territorio o espacio literario de Los Pedroches que yo llamo Mardencina es una realidad tangible en todos sus elementos que se me ofreció desde pequeño. Porque Los Pedroches constituyen un fiel modelo de comarca natural dentro del territorio español debido sobre todo a su especial configuración geográfica y al devenir de su historia. Rodeada de anticlinales por el noroeste y por el sur forma una penillanura granítica surcada desde antiguo por caminos y calzadas que comunicaban Andalucía con la Meseta dando como resultado

una tierra de nadie, un lugar de paso entre dos realidades geográficas consolidadas y muy diferentes, más apegada siempre Mardencina a Extremadura y la Mancha que a Andalucía. Pero al fin y al cabo tierra de nadie. Por eso cuando los musulmanes llegaron a estas soledades la consideraron única y la llamaron Fash al-Ballut , campo de las bellotas, por sus milenarios encinares.

       Tres textos, dos de ellos publicados y el tercero inédito, bucean en ese mundo de Los Pedroches en un intento de llegar a un nivel cada vez más profundo. Los tres tienen como escenario el mismo espacio. Los tres pueden leerse separadamente pero a la vez nacen interrelacionados y se apoyan unos a otros. El paisaje literario es el mismo y va desde los personajes y las calles de Mardencina hasta las leyendas escondidas dentro de una historia llena de misterios y maravillas para caer, finalmente, en ese lejano paraíso de los tiempos primeros.

Porque desde siempre percibí un mundo onírico detrás de la simple realidad de las paredes de piedra y los campos de encinas. Desde entonces mi empeño ha sido penetrar en ese mundo, traspasar esa puerta y empezar a contar lo que yo veía dentro. Mardencina estaba allí pero el sólo hecho de vislumbrar ese mundo que tanto me atraía literariamente no indicaba que había llegado al final de un viaje sino que estaba sólo al comienzo: el granito emergiendo en el centro de la dehesa, los extensos encinares, el especial vocabulario de las gentes que la habitan y el cielo azul color del frío que sopla desde las pizarras forman parte inseparable a la vez de la materialidad y del sueño. No es un territorio inventado sino que está ahí, al alcance de la mano. Y como prueba, la correspondencia que mantuvieron en el periódico El País, año 1985, dos grandes escritores ya fallecidos: Juan Benet y Carlos Castilla del Pino. Juan Benet titula su artículo Los Pedroches y nos confiesa que su amigo, el doctor Carlos Castilla, “había tratado

de convencerle de que una llamada Región no estaba situada donde yo había insinuado, en el noroeste asturleonés, sino al norte de Córdoba, entre las localidades de Obejo y Villanueva”. Juan Benet, aprovechando un viaje de vuelta entre Sevilla y Madrid, se aventuró por Cerro Muriano siguiendo las instrucciones del célebre psiquiatra y, antes de llegar al Vacar, tomó a la derecha la desviación que lo llevaría a Obejo. Pasado el pueblo, “y aunque parezca que allí se acaba el mundo, no arredrarse, y seguir, seguir en el silencio, en la amenazadora quietud de aquellas dehesas…”, decía Carlos a su amigo Juan para guiarlo por aquel camino que lo llevaría a Región. Pero Benet nunca llegó a Región porque en lugar de tomar la carretera que lo llevaría a Mardencina –Villanueva- se equivocó de pista y apareció en Pozoblanco.

       El error de Benet no fue alcanzar Pozoblanco sino intentar encontrar Región, “pretender la tangibilidad de la imagen”,

“la evidenciación de lo no existido”, escribe el doctor gaditano en su artículo periodístico.

       Esta experiencia viajera, que resultó fallida, y que ahora nos parece como si Carlos Castilla del Pino hubiese querido jugar con su amigo, el autor de Volverás a Región, nos permite hacernos sin embargo dos preguntas íntimamente relacionadas con el tema de los paisajes literarios que apuntábamos al principio: ¿Por qué Juan Benet admitió sin dudarlo y emprendió un viaje para tratar de encontrar ese escenario donde él había situado su novela? Pienso que, simplemente, él no había conocido nunca Región. ¿Por qué su amigo le encaminó hacia las lomas de pizarras y barrancos, olivares colgados de los cerros, arroyos y sinuosas carreteras hasta desembocar en el granito y la llanura de piedra de Mardencina? Porque él sí conocía Los Pedroches, había recorrido sus pueblos, había estudiado aspectos de las gentes de Villanueva. Y no había encontrado otra

geografía tan peculiar y tan literaria que esta comarca para interesar a Benet en ese paraíso que él había inventado para su célebre novela.

       Mardencina existe. El País de la Piedra Vieja y Olvidada existe. Yo los he tocado. Pero todavía no me han revelado todos sus secretos. Estoy en ello.